Espresso and Espresso-Based Drinks (Part II)
In our first installment, we shared many different types of drinks that can be made using espresso. From pure espresso shots to drinks such as the café bombon that adds sweetened condensed milk to espresso, use the Jura Z6 to create a drink whose memory will last a lifetime.
Now we will start with the remaining espresso-based drinks, starting with cappuccino.
Espresso and Milk Drinks (Continued from Part I)
It’s prepared with espresso, hot milk, and the steamed foam of milk. The milk of a cappuccino is not so steamed, and the visual is that the cappuccino is made with the foam slightly above the cup so that, from the side, you can see the arc. Cappuccino is usually served in a cup made of porcelain because of its ability to retain heat.
It’s espresso that’s cut with a tiny amount of milk to take away some of the acidity of the espresso. It’s a popular drink in Norway, Portugal, and Latin America, where people drink it in the afternoon.
Variations include cortado condensada (which is with condensed milk), leche y lecha (which is with condensed milk and topped with cream). It’s different from cappuccino because it doesn’t have milk foam, and, if it does, it’s very little.
Lattes are espresso with steamed milk added. The milk to espresso ratio tends to be 1:3 or 1:5, and it is topped with a little foam.
While it’s called caffe latte in Italy, the American variation is café au lait. The drink can be changed up by replacing the base with chai tea, for example, or mate. Other types of non-dairy milk, such as soy milk or almond milk, can also be used.
Even the smallest lattes in the States tend to be a whopping 12 ounces, so if you want more power, meaning more caffeine, try adding a double shot of espresso or more. Lattes can also be called Café au Lait or Café con Leche, depending if you’re going for a French or Spanish flavoring.
The literal translation is “stained milk,” where espresso is added to the milk so the milk is “stained.” While it doesn’t matter whether water is added first or second in an Americano, it does matter here. The drink also has more foam, and not just steamed milk. Only half a shot of espresso is used (or less), and the drink is layered. The latte macchiato is more about the milk, while, in a latte, it’s more about the coffee.
An espressino is made when steamed milk and cocoa powder are added to espresso.
The flat white has a similar ratio of espresso to milk as a cappuccino or latte. The only difference is the texture of the milk, which is more textured and stretched. Air is steamed into the milk and folded into the espresso. To keep from having froth, or to keep it “flat,” the barista pours the steamed milk from the bottom of the container, using the milk with small bubbles to give the drink a texture of velvet.
The drink takes its origin in Portugal and uses espresso and milk with foam. It’s made in a tall glass with lots of milk. With half as much milk, it’s called “meia de leite.”
Macchiato is espresso with small amount of foamed milk. It literally means “stained.” It has a stronger taste than a cappuccino and is more “aromatic.” Rather than being foamed separately, milk is foamed into the cup of espresso. Sometimes cocoa is sprinkled on top of a macchiato.
Sometimes the milk foam is used to top the coffee, too. Two shots of espresso and a little bit of hot water are used in a long macchiato. A shot macchiato has even less water and just one shot of espresso.
Espresso and espresso-based drinks can have different expressions with flavored syrups. Café Mocha, for example, is a latte, but with chocolate syrup added to the steamed milk.
This is an old faithful and doesn’t necessarily have to have espresso, although an Iced Americano is a nice variation. Pour the coffee over ice, and add flavored syrup and spices such as cardamom or cinnamon. Let chill for a minute, and add half and half over the iced coffee. Consider adding chocolate syrup for an element of mocha.
The Jura Z6 is a great way to experiment and make espresso and espresso based drinks described here. Our state-of-the-art espresso machine has new technology to make the perfect espresso or espresso-based drink. Use the Jura Z6 to make a timeless ristretto or latte with milk steamed exactly as you like it.
For a drink seemingly so simple, many variations exist for espresso. Feel free to use the Jura Z6 to explore this amazing world in an unforgettable way.